Why Firewood is Best Seasoned
Somerset, Somerset County, New Jersey
Firewood can serve many purposes, from warming your home and smoking your favorite foods, to setting off that romantic ambiance, or a backyard campfire roast. Picking the right firewood makes all the difference, as seasoned firewood affords a cleaner and brighter burn.
Most northeastern firewood derives of mixed hardwoods, as hardwoods (although denser) provide a longer and stronger burn than softwoods. Common types of northeastern firewood are Ash, Beech, Birch, Hickory, Maple and Oak. In Central New Jersey you are more likely to receive a mixture of different varieties of these hardwoods, which are on the high-end of the spectrum of best burning woods. As all Hardwoods and Softwoods do not burn alike, please checkout our Firewood BTU Chart >
Newly cut firewood, also known as Green Wood, contains a water moisture content of 66% to 80% depending on the type of wood, which prevents it from burning correctly, if it burns at all. Burning newly cut firewood generates a great deal of toxic smoke and highly induces creosote buildup in chimneys, thus it is recommended that firewood be seasoned a minimum of 6 months prior to burning, retaining a moisture content of 20% or less.
The drying process via Natural Air-Dry method generally takes no less than 6 months and entails drying both the Molecular Water and Free Water from the wood. The Free Water is the water located on the outer layer of the wood, which includes the Bark, Cambium and Sapwood, while the Molecular Water is located in the center of the wood within the Cell Walls, which includes the Heartwood and Growth Rings.
Drying times can be upward of 9 months to 1 year for denser woods such as Ironwood and Osage Orange. Another popular way of drying wood is Kiln-Drying, which utilizes a dehumidifier to dry the wood at a much quicker rate.
Our Firewood Stock
Upright Land & Tree's native premium firewood stock is a direct product of our tree removal services. As it has been found that some individuals pets appear to be sensitive to Kiln-Dried wood, we utilize the old-fashioned method of Natural Air-Drying of a minimum of 9 months to 1 year as our seasoning process. To ensure our firewood's water content is always on point, our woods center is measured using a Moisture Meter device, confirming a W/C reading of 20% or less.
We provide our clients with a "True Cord" of Firewood measuring 4H x 4W x 4L, secured by shrink-wrap on a wooden pallet. In times of Inclement Weather (i.e. Excess Rain or Snow), as our Firewood Stock is stored outdoors the wood may dampen, however as our firewood had already seasoned (dried) beyond the recommended time-frame, if the shrink-wrap is removed upon delivery, it should dry back to optimal W/C limits within a few days.